Learn more about Sports Upstate.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish in the wild.
Recreational and sport fishing are primarily for pleasure or competition.
Recreational fishing has conventions, rules, licensing restrictions and laws that limit the way in which fish may be caught. Typically these prohibit the use of nets and the catching of fish with hooks not in the mouth. The most common form of recreational fishing is done with a rod, reel, line, hooks and any one of a wide range of baits or lures such as artificial flies. The practice of catching or attempting to catch fish with a hook is generally known as angling. People who fish recreationally are sometimes called anglers. In angling, it is sometimes expected or required that fish be returned to the water (catch and release). Recreational or sport fishermen may log their catches or participate in fishing competitions.
Why a fish bites a baited hook or lure involves a number of factors related to the sensory physiology, behavior, feeding ecology, and biology of the fish as well as the environment and characteristics of the bait, hook or lure. There is an intricate link between various fishing techniques and knowledge about the fish and their behavior including migration, foraging and habitat. The effective use of fishing techniques often depends on this additional knowledge. Some fishermen follow fishing folklores which claim that fish feeding patterns are influenced by the position of the sun and the moon.