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Snow Skiiing Basics
Skiing is a recreational activity and a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow. Snow skiing is an Olympic sport.
Alpine skiing, called downhill skiing, typically takes place at a ski resort on defined trails down a mountain called runs. The degree of difficulty of a run is determined by its slope, snow conditions, the presence of trees and other factors. Because alpine equipment is difficult to walk in, ski lifts, including chairlifts, bring skiers up the slope to the top of a run. Alpine skiing branched off from the older Nordic skiing around the 1920s, when the advent of ski lifts meant that it was not necessary to walk up a run or trail.
The Nordic disciplines include cross-country skiing and ski jumping, which both use bindings that attach at the toes of the skier's boots but not at the heels. Cross-country skiing may be practiced on groomed trails or in undeveloped backcountry areas. Ski jumping is practiced at specific areas that are designated for ski jumping only.
Snow covered golf courses are a popular location for recreational cross country skiing.
Snowboarding is a recreational activity and Olympic and Paralympic sport that involves descending a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard attached to a rider's feet.
The development of snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing and skiing. It was developed in the United States in the 1960s, became a Winter Olympic Sport at Nagano in 1998 and first featured in the Winter Paralympics at Sochi in 2014.